Friday 18 Aug 2017
Environment and Territory

castello

Castello is a small hamlet in Fiuminata; it consists of a fortified medieval village close to the mountain and a more recent built-up area, that extends along the valley.
Its origins date back to the Middle Ages, when it was known as Castrum Sancti Johannis de Fluminata: this name appeared for the first time in an important document of the year 1283, Constitutio Sindaci Comuni Camerini ad emendum Castrum Fluminate, preserved in Camerino: in this document, the local feudal lords, owners of those lands, such as the Cavalca family from Rocca di S.Lucia , the Bulgarelli from Cluiano and the Cante de ' Gabrielli from Gubbio, due to the strong earthquake of 1279, sold in 1283 their rights on men and vassals of Fiuminata to the municipality of Camerino. The latter, in order to be free from feudal servitude, yielded half of their personal properties and real estate (movables and immovables) to the nobles and decided to give themselves an administrative organization.

Read more: castello

The aqueous environment of Fiuminata: the “Stoni”

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 332063 m E – 4783875 m N.

 

Motivation: Habitat of high biological value.

 

Description: Formerly the Plain of Fiuminata was occupied by a lake of which today only two groups of springs remain; these springs, locally known as "stoni", a word of unknown etymology, are typical natural wells several meters deep which create a humid area on the surface. Their vegetation consists of hydrophytic herbaceous plants (with submerged or floating leaves) that live in constantly flooded areas (e.g. Nasturtium officinale, Callitriche cfr. palustris, Glyceria sp., Sparganium erectum e Berula erecta) and helophytic plants (with subaerial foliage) which grow in areas where the soil tends to dry up on the surface during the summer season (e.g. Typha latifolia). Particularly important is the presence of Riccia fluitans, a bryophyte species rather rare in the Region of Marche, where it can be found only in very few locations. Among the woody species can be mentioned the black poplar (Populus nigra), the Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra var. italica) and the parsley-leaved elder (Sambucus nigra).
The "stoni" have always aroused curiosity among the local people, giving rise to amusing beliefs and legends that today are part of Fiuminata's cultural heritage.

 

Accessibility:Fiuminata, between Aldo Moro Street and County Road 29.

Box-tree location (Buxus sempervirens) on the slopes of Colle Arile

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 333691 m E – 4783140 m N.  

 

Motivation: Species of phytogeographic and/or environmental interest.

 

Description: The box tree (Buxus sempervirens) is an evergreen shrub-like species, considered as a relic of the Tertiary period, that before glaciation was widespread in the upland areas of the Mediterranean mountain range, whereas during the following glacial phases it has become much less frequent until surviving only in limited refuge areas. It is widespread on a very broad area and is found mainly around the Mediterranean basin and the Atlantic-climate areas. In Italy the box tree is present, in its natural state, from the Western Alps to the Lucanian Apennines, including also the Region of Marche, where it is mainly widespread in hilly areas.

Read more: Box-tree location (Buxus sempervirens) on the slopes of Colle Arile

Vegetation of high biological value

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 328485 m E – 4783890 m N.

 

Motivation: Vegetation of high biological value.

 

Description: Small water basin, with water level variations during the year, that contains typical standing-water vegetation, with the dominance of hydrophytic herbaceous species (in the constantly flooded areas), such as Callitriche sp., and helophytic plants (in the marshy areas waterside, where soil remains damp also in the summer season), such as Alisma plantago-aquatica and Juncus inflexus.

Read more: Vegetation of high biological value

Species of phytogeographic and/or environmental interest.

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 327407 m E – 4783272 m N.

 

Motivation: Species of phytogeographical and/or environmental interest.

 

Description:TThe box tree (Buxus sempervirens) is an evergreen shrub-like species, considered as a relic of the Tertiary period when it was largely widespread on the mountain zone of the Mediterranean mountain range, whereas during glaciations in the Quaternary period it has become much less frequent until surviving only in limited refuge areas.

Read more: Species of phytogeographic and/or environmental interest.

Boxwood station (Buxus sempervirens)

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 327384 m E – 4783454 m N.

 

Motivation: Species of phytogeographical and/or environmental interest.

 

Description:The box tree (Buxus sempervirens) is an evergreen shrub-like species, considered as a relic of the Tertiary period when it was largely widespread on the mountain zone of the Mediterranean mountain range, whereas during glaciations in the Quaternary period it has become much less frequent until surviving only in limited refuge areas. It is widespread in a very broad area that is found mainly around the Mediterranean basin and the Atlantic-climate areas. In Italy the box tree is present, in its natural state, from the Western Alps to the Lucanian Apennines, including also the Region of Marche, where it is mainly widespread in hilly areas. In this location the box tree is present, together with other shrubs (privet, blackthorn, manna ash, maple and poplar) along the edge of forests with dominance of bay oak trees.

Read more: Boxwood station (Buxus sempervirens)

Traditional rural landscape between Bufeto and C. Il Conte.

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 326856 m E – 4784526 m N.

 

Motivation: Landscape element of high biologic, ecologic and perceptive value.

 

Description: Traditional rural landscape that, besides the crops, presents natural elements such as hedges, rows of oak trees and grass fallow, enriched by the course of the ''Rio Vene (Vene River)'', that runs through the valley. In the background you can see the village of Salmareggia. These elements give the landscape a particular value, not only from the bio-ecological point of view, as important for the maintenance of its ecosystem functionality and the establishment of ecological connections within a landscape dominated by agricultural crops, But even from the aesthetic-perceptive, important for maintaining the well-being and quality of human life.

Read more: Traditional rural landscape between Bufeto and C. Il Conte.

Monumental ash(Fraxinus excelsior) near the locality of Colmaggiore.

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 326583 m E – 4785579 m N.

Motivation: Monumental tree.

Description: The European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) is a deciduous tree, having an European-Caucasian range, present in Italy on the Alps, on the southern and central Apennines. It is typical of mixed mesophilous wood of deciduous trees, beech wood and plain wood. In rural settings, trees of this size represent the residual elements of ancient plain woods present in the alluvial plains on the valley floors, that were almost completely deforested to make way for agricultural activities. Therefore they represent elements of unique importance characterizing the plant landscape of agricultural areas. These specimens were usually saved from cutting to provide shelter to animals during the hottest hours of the day.

Read more: Monumental ash(Fraxinus excelsior) near the locality of Colmaggiore.

Populations of holm oak (Quercus ilex) and rupicolous species in rupestral stations, near the Rocca di Spindoli

Coordinates  (wgs84): 33 T 329041 m E – 4784952 m N.                                                

 

MotivationVegetation of high biological value.                                                                                                                      

 

Description The Holm oak (Quercus ilex) is a sclerophylla evergreen tree or shrub, that is characteristic in the hotspots of the Mediterranean basin and typically distributed connected to the near shore, where it creates woods and patches, together with other evergreen Mediterranean species.

Read more: Populations of holm oak (Quercus ilex) and rupicolous species in rupestral stations, near the...

Erect rye semimesophilous pasture (Bromus erectus) with orchid blooming located in Prati Piani.

Coordinates (wgs84):33 T 333915 m E – 4785625 m N.    

                                            

Motivation: Vegetation of  high  biological  value.

 

Description: Secondary semimesophilous pasture, rich in species, dominated by upright brome (Bromus erectus), especially distinguished by the vernal flowers of numerous orchids species (belonging mostly to the genus Orchis and Ophrys) .
This herbaceous formation is defined ''secondary'' because it has been originated after the felling of wood surface by humans to obtain suitable areas for pasture and other productive activities.
The conservation of this herbaceous formation and its biodiversity is closely related to the permanence of the traditional livestock grazing activity, in the lack of which the meadows would turn spontaneously to woodland.

Read more: Erect rye semimesophilous pasture (Bromus erectus) with orchid blooming located in Prati Piani.

Dry grasslands consisting of sesleria of the Apennine (Sesleria juncifolia), on the ridge of Mount Tre Pizzi.

Coordinates (WGS84):  33 T 334207 m E – 4786335 m N.

Motivation:Vegetation with a high biological value.                                                                

Description: Dry pasture dominated by sesleria of the Apennines (Sesleria juncifolia), with endemic species or species with phytogeographic interest (Edraianthus graminifolius, Phleum hirsutum subsp. ambiguum, Erysimum pseudorhaeticum, Centaurea ambigua), which are usually found on the ridges of mountains, where the ground is not very deep because of the geomorphic conditions (elevated acclivity) and because of the erosion caused by the atmospheric agents, in particular by the continuous freezing and thawing (cryoturbation).
Even though it is below the potential growth limit of the wood (which in Marche region is at an altitude of about 1800 m), this pasture is considered "primary", because the cryoturbation phenomena impede forests settlement.

Read more: Dry grasslands consisting of sesleria of the Apennine (Sesleria juncifolia), on the ridge of...

Spindoli Fortress

Occupying a dominant position on the valley, the fortress of Spindoli is one of the most complex medieval fortification of the territory. Its ruins, in white limestone, perfectly camouflage with the rocks behind. For defensive purpose, the fortress has also been isolated from the mountain with an artificial cut in the rock, with the clear intent of making a moat.
Because of the lack of documents, we do not know a lot about its origins, but, certainly, it was founded during the period in which the local feudal Longobard overlords, owners of the lands, began a procedure of fortification starting from the XI century, which produced the building in the territory of several strongholds, for defense and controlling purpose.
The first quotation of the fortress dates back to 1308 in a document for the division of the legacy of the Lords di Somaregia, whereas in 1337 a certain Filippo di Giacopuccio da Castelletta sold his property to Giovanni Varano di Rodolfo, to whose family it belonged until their decline.

Read more: Spindoli Fortress

Villa Collio (first half of XIX century.)

Historical information

Villa Collio stands on a hill just behind the village of Fontenuova, the site of the former casino family built and designed by Pietro da Cortona in the first half of the seventeenth century. and destroyed by the earthquakes of 1799. The house was rebuilt in its present form in 1827 by the patrician neoclassical settempedano Giovan Battista Collio, designed by architect Moglianese painter Giuseppe Lucatelli, training Roman. Later in 1839 the heir Count Severino Servanzi Collio, he commissioned the San Severino Venancio Bigioli designs of all statuary furnishing inputs and the large garden. In 1844 it was erected over the fence to the west spire monument, dedicated to Giovan Battista Collio, designed by Filippo Bigioli.

Read more: Villa Collio (first half of XIX century.)

Romans

The system of medieval villages that characterizes marcamontona, was born on deep Roman roots. San Severino Marche, Treia and Matelica (who in 101 AD was home to the Emperor Trajan departing to the Dacia from Ancona) were three cornerstones of the Itinerarium Antoninii which speaks also of Prolaqueum (Pioraco) as a Roman settlement between Dubios (Fiuminata) and Septempeda placed on the road come off the via Flaminia to reach Ancona. From the Middle Ages to the present day, this road, with the name of Settempedana, will be one of the most beaten trails of the spirit.

The Romans not only built buildings on which now rests basilicas and population centers: were able to enhance even the stratospheric natural heritage. Fecere of Pioraco a rest and recreation center with theater and spa facilities.


Calcola il Percorso di Marca

Seleziona l'inizio del percorso:
Seleziona la fine del percorso:
Tipologia:
Waypoints: (Ctrl-Click for multiple selection)

Vedi anche ...

Video Gallery