At the heart of the Vallata dell'Esino, protected by the embrace of the Apennines, parallel to the Adriatic, the territory of Matelica has unique features that allow you to generate a marvel of oenology: Verdicchio di Matelica, the wine that boasts one of the first DOC Institute at national level. Center of the homonymous the Wine Route, is a place steeped in history, art, culture. Archeology, architecture, churches, monasteries, libraries, museums expand the tourism dimension. The area is littered with examples of yesterday as avant-garde, of mystical places as natural views of recreational and sporting activities, resources and entrepreneurial quality laboratories, farms and wineries that have made it known to the world as the many of his illustrious sons cited from the history books worldwide.
The family Ottoni
At the end of 1300 Boniface IX entrusts the vicariate of Matelica Ottoni that, especially under the leadership of Alexander, and many attempts to define once and for all the borders with Marche San Severino and Camerino. Brass must be to tax reforms, promotion of the development of the wool, dyeing and tanning, restoration of the walls, the construction of a magnificent palace and bell tower of the cathedral. At the beginning of the sixteenth century expanded trade and roads so that they could count up to one hundred and ten merchants in the city. The forfeiture of the lordship begins with Anton Maria Ottoni Matelica.During that accuse him of cruelty and tyranny. After many struggles, even within the family, and repeated requests to the Pope by the citizens, in the end, in 1576 Pope Gregory XIII Ottini strips definitely the vicariate initiating a period of city government through an Apostolic Commissioner.
Saint Maria Nuova
The tabernacle of the main altar is very probably the work of the same artist who, in the eighteenth century, has built one of San Salvatore in Colpersito in San Severino Marche. The plant is semi-hexagonal and materials are walnut, ebony and ivory tiles in the spirit of pauperism of the Franciscan rule which forbade ecclesiastical In furnishing, the use of metals and precious fabrics. The technique of marquetry creates the artifact, no statues, blind windows quadrangular with star motifs that make it more lively and precious decoration.
Saint Maria of Graces
In the baroque style of the Marche, heavily damaged during the Second World War in March 1944 (don Enrico Pocognoni, parish priest at the time, the victim of a vicious Nazi massacre is buried here), has been restored and contains some fine examples of the art of this area.
The votive with M Mary's heart-shaped jewelry and tradition testify to popular devotion to the Virgin of the Graces.
Elegant baptismal font perhaps by Scipione Paris, the wooden altar on the right dates from the sixteenth century, the crucifix from the fifteenth.
The Madonna and Child dates from the late thirteenth century and probably comes from the abbey of Roti: is one of the most representative displayed expressions of folk art wooden cycle of marcamontana.
The pre-Roman civilization in Matelica
Recent research in Matelica led to the discovery of extensive areas of settlements and necropolis that, at present, they rank among the most important witnesses to the whole Marche region and beyond. The settlements can be placed, with continuity different depending on the sites, between the eighth and fourth centuries BC The archaeological excavations extended over large areas were allowed to bring to light entire villages and large necropolis in almost the entire municipality. The oldest tombs, dating from the ninth to the eighth century Ca are representative of the early stages of Civilization Picena, both in the funeral ritual in which rich personal outfit that also includes wagons, weapons, tools for the banquet and the symposium, products made with exotic materials such as shells of ostrich eggs, ivory and amber, symbols of an aristocratic society refined, cultured and, at the same time, powerful economic terms.
The Church of the Blessed Mattia
Built in 1225, the church of the Blessed Mattia had defensive functions, as evidenced by the tall bell tower, which served as a place of sighting definitely. The building is centered around three courtyards, in the third presents a rustic porch marked by square pillars that support a pitched gable roof.
It owes its fame to the monastic life that it led in the Blessed Holiness Mattia Nazzarei, clarissa of Matelica whose body rests under the altar. In addition to paintings of exquisite execution, the church shows some examples of the cycle wooden furniture and objects of worship marcamontana: choirs and choir, altar frontals attributable to the school and to Scoccianti Scipione Paris, a reliquary bust of Mary Magdalene.
Verdicchio of Matelica
The hilliness (the Sibillini as background and San Vicino immediately behind) the "syncline camerte" that delay and affect the harvest, that you have to taste whole of Verdicchio of Matelica. The result is a wine with a more intense color and fruity scents. The area is a very strong attraction environmental traveled by road Verdicchio that in marcamontana includes Matelica, Gagliole, Pioraco, Castelraimondo, Esanatoglia.
It should be drunk young: the persistent and fragrant bouquet, the harmony of components, allow combinations with ham, ciauscolo, Fabriano salami, coppa di testa tasty and fragrant spices, white meat. Also try with various preparations of fish, especially shellfish, white meat terrines and slightly seasoned cheeses.
The leather District
From Piazza Mattei, crossing the Loggia dei Mercanti and then turn left, you enter the old neighborhood where he worked leather and skins. In the space narrower and narrower, between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries were the vibrant Jewish ghetto and a small synagogue. In the area also Palazzaccio, birthplace of the Blessed Mattia Nazzarei, and a sacred shrine of the eighteenth century against the wall fence of the Museum Piersanti. Continuing along Via Umberto I, on the left Grassetti Palace, owned by the family of Enrico Mattei. In addition to the typical façade, large interior, especially on the main floor.
The products of wool
Throughout the Middle Ages there was always a handmade production of wool products: they were mainly women farmers to produce the woolen cloth to the frame for his family and a few head to sell at the market. With the opening of trade, the merchant took possession of this production and began to invest his capital in working at home.
The home production was based on the complete cycle of work: the worker was handed the raw wool, and she had to provide to spin it and weave it. For the economy of the family was a very important source of income and each family had its own chassis, where the women spent up to sixteen hours a day.
Venanzio Filippo Piersanti
Matelica. 1688 - 1761
Master and Prefect of Ceremonies under two popes, lived for many years in Rome where he was able to collect a large number of works of art: paintings, tapestries, carpets, furniture, liturgical furnishings, pottery and objects that moved in his palace in Matelica .
At the beginning of the twentieth century the Marchesa Teresa Capeci Piersanti, his last heir, donated the collection to the city, enriched with other important works of art, gave birth to the Museo Piersanti.
The craft workshops
In Matelica the Artelaio proposes liccetti weaving technique, which consists in the creation of lists stylized figurative through some reeds pendants ( liccetti exactly) fixed under the warp between the back beam and heddles. The use of this ancient process, which is already documented in the paintings of Giotto, Leonardo, Perugino, Ghirlandaio, is typical of the Marche (Macerata, Matelica, Pievebovigliana) where he still lives mainly thanks to the passion of women. The laboratory can either create that play a wide range of fabrics, piecing together the reasons for the ancient tradition: griffins, lions, chimeras... and the most modern design.
Illustrious sons of matelica
In the large number of illustrious sons Matelica includes founder and presidents of ENI as Enrico Mattei (pictured) and Marcello Boldrini, artists such as Raphael Fidanza portraitist and painter and printmaker Diego Pettinelli (student of Adolfo De Carolis and friend of Gabriele D' Annunzio), the writer Bigiaretti Libero, religious as Filippo Piersanti, (Master of Ceremonies and Prefect of the popes) and the adoption of Matelica Bartholomew's Column, for almost half a century abbot of Roti which led to Matelica also printing with movable type. Among the many saints and blessed St. Sollecito, the Blessed Mattia Nazzarei, the Franciscan Blessed Gentile Finaguerra.
Benedictines in matelica
Important role in the history of Matelica one of the Benedictine monks. During a terrible famine in Santa Maria de Rotis not hesitate to hide "fodder", which gave the funds to feed the population causing the reaction of the Bishop. It was thriving and important monastery when, at the end of 1400, Bartolomeo Colonna became abbot for almost half a century. He was originally from the island of Chios, where he was flourishing the presence of the Genoese who were leading experts in a product such as alum, which is used in the manufacture of cloth and dyeing of leathers, flourishing activities in this area of marcamontana. He was responsible for the construction of the bell tower of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and the printing press of a Life of the Virgin Mary now preserved at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan.
Church of Saint Teresa
The fathers Benedictine Silvestrini take care of the church from 1842, whose structure was built between 1684 and 1705. The monastery and complete college. The eighteenth-century Baroque style characterizes it as a whole: the domes ending with lanterns, the altars are adorned by columns with twisted leaves. Like many of the churches of marcamontana, as well as valuable paintings preserved wooden works of absolute value: a walnut choir, the organ, and in the sacristy (where they are also on display in two tables of Ludovico Urbani dated late fifteenth century) and a statue of the sixteenth century St. Antonio Abate.
Church of Saint Rocco
Escaped the plague, the matelicesi during an ex votive offerings, built in terracotta this Greek cross temple restored in 1975. The vault reveals the hand of a designer refined. Elegant and rich in the frontal of the altar with the image of the titular saint.
To drown out the church on the hill the former Convent of the Capuchins in visible part of the cloister and the Trinity, wall painting of the sixteenth century.
In the cemetery not far away, in a monumental tomb adorned with sculptures by world famous artists such as Arnaldo Pomodoro, lies the matelicese perhaps best known in the world: Enrico Mattei. Not far from the church of the Madonna of Fonticelle, built on drawing by Aleandri.